Another significant architectural feature of the original Tabernacle was the wood-framed roofs of the octagonal stair towers at the four building corners (Figure 7). Phase 1: This initial phase was completed in August of 2013, which consisted of nine (9) restroom remodels. Careful detailing of the tendon anchorage plates was required to verify that they could fit within the profile of each of the beams. The dowel system was designed to transfer forces between the walls and the floors, which serve as horizontal diaphragms while providing ductile behavior during an earthquake. Figure 4. Rumors linger about the Salt Lake Temple closing for renovations, especially with last year's addition of the Draper and Oquirrh Mountain temples. Excavation of the surrounding soils then commenced with continued monitoring of the elevation of the structure. Because of the reduced thickness, the quantity of reinforcing steel within the walls was greater than normal. The contractor closely monitored the elevation of the walls during this load transfer to ensure only very slight changes in the elevation. Figure 5. Over 70,000 attended in what was the largest temple dedication in history. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. When the bottom of excavation was reached, a waterproofing membrane was installed and a new 18- to 24-inch thick reinforced concrete mat footing was placed. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. For the past couple of years (this year being an exception), the Provo Temple has been closed for 6-8 weeks twice a year, instead of the usual 2 weeks. The renovation is scheduled to take a year and a half, so if you want to see this temple any time in the next two years, you should plan to visit quickly. The structure was designed to support the weight and overturning forces imposed by a new center tower matching the pre-1917 original. Essentially, no floor space was lost. At this time, only living ordinances are being performed. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. Figure 1. For example, the portico was enclosed, and the tower’s steeple now stands 10 feet taller. After more than five years of restoration and historical reconstruction, the Provo City Center Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was dedicated March 20, 2016. In the completed building, the shotcrete walls function as shear walls to resist lateral earthquake and wind loads imposed on the building. Reaveley Engineers + Associates was an Outstanding Award Winner for its Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple project in the 2016 NCSEA Annual Excellence in Structural Engineering Awards Program in the Category – Renovation/Rehabilitation. A 17-acre (69,000 m 2) block of property at the base of Rock Canyon was chosen as the site for the Provo Temple.. Some of the piles were battered to resist the temporary lateral loads on the shored walls during construction. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. The sub-basement level and lower part of the basement level would be located below the groundwater elevation. The temple sits nestled among local forest and evergreen trees in a suburban area roughly 15 miles southwest of the historic colonial city of Raleigh. Still, people wonder if the Provo Temple is destined for Ogden-style massive makeover. The original straight wood sheathing on the tower roofs was overlaid with new wood structural panel sheathing to stiffen and strengthen the roof structures. A series of eight-inch diameter micro-piles were drilled into the ground, on each side of the walls, to a depth of about 90 feet. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple. Openings were then excavated through the rubble-stone foundation walls just below the brick and shotcrete walls. St. George Utah Temple — Closed for renovations. Temple.). The brick walls did not have sufficient strength to function as shear walls or effectively resist out-of-plane earthquake forces. Coordinates. He was the Principal in Charge and Project Manager on the project. (Only three other temples have six ordinance rooms: the Ogden Utah Temple, Jordan River Utah Temple, and Washington D.C. After the new mat footing had been completed, new reinforced concrete foundation walls were constructed between the mat footing and the bottom of the brick walls. The Raleigh Temple & Baton Rouge Temple will complete renovations this year and be rededicated in October and November. He can be contacted at jmiller@reaveley.com. Provo City Center Temple. The concrete beams were designed with higher than normal post-tensioning stresses to reduce beam depth as much as practical, while still controlling flexural cracking in the beam section. Pocatello Idaho Temple . The three new floor structures consist of composite steel beams supported by the new shotcrete exterior walls and interior steel columns. Once the weight of the walls was transferred into the shoring system, adjustable bearing seats were installed on each side of the jacks and the jacks were removed. Block-outs were formed in the foundation walls around each of the shoring needle beams (Figure 5). Dynamic, collaborative interactions between owner, architect, structural and geotechnical engineers, contractor and subcontractors generated economic and innovative solutions. It is a historic icon of Provo and has been home to many religious and cultural events. Latter-day Saint Temple Construction Photographs. Rather than demolish the structure, the owner enlisted a team of architects, engineers, builders, and historians to assist with an unprecedented reconstruction and restoration project. The lid structure over the parking area was designed as a post-tensioned concrete beam and one-way slab system. A public open house for the Provo City Center Temple begins on January 15, 2016, following a five-year renovation of the former Provo Tabernacle. The tower roofs were each removed as a single piece, and the one damaged tower was rehabilitated and rebuilt to its original configuration. Renovations. It seated 1,500 and featured octagonal stair towers, a high-pitched gabled roof, art glass windows, exquisite woodwork, and a central tower topping out at 167 feet above the ground. This required 1,200 SF of new construction, with 6,000 SF of new stone. Jacobsen project executive Kirk Dickamore calls the renovation and construction of the Provo City Center Temple “a once-in-a-lifetime project.” “The Provo Tabernacle was … The study included statistical compilations of responses to a survey sent to stake presidents within the temple district. Intense preservation and design work were required in order to begin construction on the new Provo City Temple. The tabernacle was a more than century-old icon located in the central Utah community of Provo. Beam spacing varies but is typically about 27 feet-on-center. Vernal … The campus of Church-owned Brigham Young University (BYU) borders the temple to the southwest. Ordinances will be performed by appointment only and limited to members residing in a designated geographic area. Reaveley Engineers + Associates (RE+A) was the structural engineering consultant. Grade 75 rebar was specified to reduce congestion of the steel reinforcing bars within the beams. Since the original building had only a crawlspace below the main floor, a system had to be engineered to support and reinforce the existing masonry walls for excavation to take place. This has been for special renovation work --more extensive work than is usually done on a temple, including a new awning. For these ordinances, the temple will have minimal staff and the number … "I think it would be safe to say that that wouldn't even be considered until the Payson Temple (announced last month) is completed," Elder Walker said. Each project utilized general contractors with sub-contractors spanning many crafts and disciplines requiring temple recommend holders to perform the majority of the work. The remaining three wythes of brick were permanently anchored to the new shotcrete walls by installing 14-inch to 16-inch-long steel helical anchors into the brick. The new temple will be St. George's second temple. Enhanced inspections were conducted to maintain quality control of the shotcrete placement (Figure 3). Provo City Center Temple Renown for our vast expertise in historic renovation, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has entrusted us to sustain and restore some of its most iconic landmarks—including our work on the Provo Tabernacle, which was ravaged by fire in 2010. Steel needle beams connected to micro-piles. Based on initial observations, it was evident that the mortar consisted of fine aggregate and lime, and was quite weak. 1800’s Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple.During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. The Provo Utah Temple was dedicated in just two sessions by seating attendees—in addition to the temple—in the Marriott Center, George Albert Smith Fieldhouse, Joseph Smith Building, Harris Fine Arts Center, and Knight-Mangum Hall (Language Training Mission) on the BYU campus. These openings were aligned between pairs of micro-piles. In my experience as a Temple Recorder, it has been a blessing to participate in extensive renovation projects in the Chicago Illinois, Los Angeles California, and Jordan River Utah temples. We came up with multiple options, vetted those out, and then improved it to what you see now.”, Many have called this historic renovation a “once-in-a-lifetime” project. It also had to allow placement of new reinforced shotcrete walls against the interior face of the brick. Complete remodel of existing structure including all new mechanical, electrical and interior systems. Block-outs in foundation walls. Comments posted to STRUCTURE website do not constitute endorsement by NCSEA, CASE, SEI, C3 Ink, or the Editorial Board. A new internal bracing system would also have to be engineered to stabilize the remaining brick walls while the temporary external bracing system that was installed soon after the fire was removed. STRUCTURE magazine is the premier resource for practicing structural engineers. The proposed shoring system would need to ensure placement of the waterproofing membrane below the sub-basement floor and at the exterior face of the foundation walls without compromising the performance of the membrane under significant hydrostatic pressure. Construction Status: Temple enclosed; exterior sealed; installing hard landscaping Latest Photograph: 3 January 2021. The restoration of this key architectural feature was of particular import to the owner (Figure 6). After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. The design of the interior bracing system needed to be compact and maximize working space for the contractor. Lastly, they acted as hold down anchors to resist buoyancy forces created by the water table. Care was taken with shotcrete placement around reinforcing steel. The temple was dedicated exactly one year later. “The design of this was a process between the architect, our design team, the structural engineers, and the contractors. LDS Church leadership announced the Tabernacle would be rebuilt as a temple. A major excavation would be required to accommodate a basement and sub-basement below the original building, as well as adjacent sub-grade parking, doubling the size of the building. Jeff Miller, S.E., is a Senior Principal at Reaveley Engineers in Salt Lake City. With the foundation system complete, the focus shifted to a new structural steel superstructure inside the shell of the existing building. All rights reserved. The temple was the first completed temple in Utah. Questions or comments regarding this website are encouraged: Contact the webmaster. Connections between the base of the tower roofs and the walls below were improved to resist the required wind and earthquake loads. A crowd gathers at the capstone ceremony for the Salt Lake Temple on April 6, 1892. The mat footing and foundation walls were designed to resist the upward hydrostatic pressures. The new sloped roof structure consists of a metal roof deck supported by steel beams. Construction of a great stone stairway leading up the hill to the west temple doors began in 1907. This change in use would require the interior spaces be completely reconfigured within the original building envelope to accommodate new building functions. The Ogden Utah Temple (formerly the Ogden Temple) is the sixteenth constructed and fourteenth operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). This led to the building of the Ogden and Provo temples to relieve the strain on the older pioneer-era temples. The micro-piles served several purposes. The extensive temple grounds are decorated with a cascading water feature and numerous flowers, shrubs, and trees. Completion: Estimated in mid- to late 2021 (no official dates announced yet) Construction Status: Cladding on upper west walls, tower, and monument sign progressing; interior work underway Latest Photograph: 13 January 2021. A four-alarm fire destroyed the building (Figure 1) in December 2010. The Provo Utah Temple and Provo City Center Temple were the second pair of temples to be built in the same city, following the Jordan River Utah Temple (1981) and Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple (2009) in South Jordan, Utah. The complex nature of this project demanded unique engineering and construction solutions. The announcement of the Provo Utah Temple and Ogden Utah Temple was prompted by a statistic computed in the mid-1960s that 52 percent of all ordinance work was performed in three temples: the Logan Utah Temple, the Manti Utah Temple, and the Salt Lake Temple. One stair was partially burned and damaged by the fire while the other three only suffered minor smoke damage. After the brick walls had been reinforced and supported by the new concrete walls, steel beams were attached to the concrete walls creating a reinforcing horizontal “ring” near the elevations where new suspended concrete floors would be placed. Also of intense interest was restoring the original central tower. © 1998–2021 ChurchofJesusChristTemples.org. The walls also stabilize the existing brick walls against lateral out-of-plane forces. The groundbreaking ceremony for the Provo Utah Temple was held just one week after the groundbreaking ceremony for the Ogden Utah Temple, marking the first time that two groundbreaking ceremonies were held in the same month. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY—Based on First Presidency direction, this temple has resumed limited operations. However, no visitors' center was ever established. A significant challenge faced by the design team was converting a 35,000 square foot historic structure into a modern 85,000 square foot temple without losing historic details. As the Jordan River is one of the larger and busier temples, it will be interesting how the other temples in the area deal with the increase in attendance. Architecturally prominent, a temple is considered by members of the LDS Church as the most sacred place of worship. Figure 3. To the west and south of the Temple is a new single-level, sub-grade parking garage that connects to an adjacent parking garage. It engages, enlightens, and empowers structural engineers through interesting, informative, and inspirational content. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. The new tower is laterally supported by steel braced frames which transfer forces to the shotcrete shear walls through the roof diaphragm and supplemental bracing. © Kyle Sheffer | The Sky’s the Limit Photography. Contact publisher for all permission requests. Here is a brief history of those temples. Crews respond to Tabernacle fire. President Russell M. Nelson announced a temple would be built in Lindon, Utah during the Sunday afternoon session of General Conference. The St. George Utah Temple closed November 4, 2019 for renovation … Wood-framed roofs at the four building corners. The Church's other two universities; Brigham Young University–Hawaii in Laie, Hawaii, and Brigham Young University–Idaho in Rexburg, Idaho; also have adjacent temples. As excavation progressed, steel diagonal braces were added between the micro-piles to provide lateral stability and maintain the allowable unbraced length of the micro-piles. In total, the contractor excavated to 25 feet below grade for approximately 170,000 square feet and 40 feet below grade for approximately 15,000 square feet. The St. George Utah Temple, one of the historically significant buildings in the Church, was dedicated in 1877. Figure 7. Two of the five interior wythes of brick (approximately 8 inches) were removed, and that space was replaced with shotcrete. Natural light streaming through windows around the tower illuminate an art glass ceiling in the main upper lobby located directly below the tower. The team had one primary objective: limit settlement or another movement that could cause damage to the existing brick walls. The Provo Utah Temple is at the base of Rock Canyon in Provo. Provo Utah Temple. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY. The statue was eventually eliminated from the design, though one was added over 31 years after its dedication. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle Mar, 2017 By Jeff Miller, S.E., Jesse Malan, S.E. President Joseph Fielding Smith presided at the dedication of the Provo Utah Temple, but at his request, the prayer he had written was offered by President Harold B. Lee, first counselor in the First Presidency. The temple’s renovation is expected to be completed in 2022. Credit: Nick Adams, for the Deseret News. First, they temporarily supported the exterior brick walls. The two buildings were built at the same time and were nearly identical in appearance until the Ogden Utah Temple was drastically renovated in the early 2010s. Results indicated the strength of the mortar fell below minimum thresholds. Shotcrete placed on interior face of the brick. The Provo Utah Temple was originally named the Provo Temple. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. The Provo Utah Temple stands adjacent to Church-owned Brigham Young University. The reinforcing in the floor slabs was connected to dowels previously set in the shotcrete walls. Reprinting or other use of these materials without express permission of NCSEA is prohibited. The original design for the Provo Utah Temple included a gold-leafed statue of the angel Moroni atop a gold-colored spire. Since the building was concrete, we used the flooring stone for our jewelry. This structure supports a beautifully landscaped plaza. The interior components were modeled after the originals. PROVO -- With less than a week remaining for the Ogden Temple open house, followed by its dedication on Sept. 21, the looming question coming from some Utah County members The micro-piles also helped mitigate the potentially liquefiable soils that exist on the site. 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